My Blog History Of Malda Districts and Photo Gallery

My Blog History of Malda District and the Photo Gallery
History of Malda District and the Photo Gallery
The History:
          The gateway of North Bengal, Malda, once the capital of Gour-Banga with its 3456 sq kms lay of the land classified into Tal, Diara, and Barind awaits the advent of tourists and people of archeological interest with its wealth to be enjoyed and its huge potential to be explored.

This portion of the Earth is washed by the waves of the rivers Ganges, Mahananda, Fulahar, Kalindri and had been the witness of different empires raised, flourished and cast down near oblivion by a successor kingdom built up on the relics of its predecessor. Panini mentioned a city named Gourpura,which by strong reason may be identified as the city of Goudaruins of which are situated in this district. Examples are legion of the relic of a predecessor kingdom being used in the monuments of the successor kingdoms.

It had been within the limits of ancient ‘Gour’ and  ‘Pandua’(Pundrabardhana). These two cities had been the capital of Bengal in ancient and medieval ages and are equidistant, north and south, from English Bazar town (once known as Engelzavad established by the British rulers).

The boundary of Gour was changed in different ages since 5th century BC and its name can be found in Puranic texts. Pundranagar was the provincial capital of Maurya Empire.

Gour and Pundrabardhana formed parts of the Mourya empire as is evinced from the inscriptions,Brahmilipi on a seal discovered from the ruins of Mahasthangarh in the Bogura District of Bangladesh. Hiuen Tsang  saw many Asokan stupas at Pundrabardhana.

The inscriptions discovered in the district of undivided Dinajpur and other parts of North Bengal along with the Allahabad pillar inscriptions of  Samudragupta clearly indicate that the whole of North Bengal as far east as Kamrup formed a part of the Gupta empire.

After the Guptas in the beginning of 7th century AD Sasanka, the king of Karnasubarna as well as the king of Gour ruled independently for more than three decades. From the middle of 8th century to the end of 11th century the Pala dynasty ruled Bengal, the kings were devoted to Buddhism. It was during their reign that the Jagadalla Vihara (monastery) in Barindri flourished paralleling with Nalanda, Vikramshila and Devikot.

The Pala Dynasty yielded to the emergence of Sen Dynasty, the Sen rulers were Hindus, and in the habit of moving from place to place within their kingdom. At the time of Lakshman Sen Goud was known asLakshmanabati. The Sen kings ruled Bengal till Bakhtiyar Khilji conquered Bengal in 1204 AD.

Thereafter the Muslim rule lasted for about five hundred years before Sirajuddaulah was defeated by Lord Clive at the battle of Plassey in 1757 whence the British rule started. From ancient period different rulers with assorted origin, religion, and dynasty had left the imprints of their kingdom /dynasty on the earth in this district, most of them have failed to win over the tide of time as history has lifted one kingdom and later cast it down, sometimes into total oblivion.  Those, which still stand on the earth in the form of ruins and relics, nevertheless reminds the past pomp and grandeur and are able to make the tourists and people of archeological interest sneak in.

This district was formed out of some portions of outlying areas of Purnia, Dinajpur and Rajshahi districts in 1813. At the time of Dr. B. Hamilton ( 1808 – 09 ) ,the presents thanas of Gazole, Malda,  Bamongola, and part of Habibpur were included in the district of Dinajpur and the thanas of Harischandrapur, Kharba, Ratua, Manikchak, and Kaliachak were included in the district of Purnia. In 1813, in consequence of the prevalence of serious crimes in the Kaliachak and Sahebganj thanas and also on the rivers, a Joint Magistrate and Deputy Collector was appointed at Englishbazar with jurisdiction over a number of police station centering that place and taken from the two district. Thus the district of Malda was born. The year 1832 saw the establishment of separate treasury and the year 1859 the posting of a full – fledged Magistrate and collector.

Upto 1876, this district formed part of Rajshahi Division and between 1876 & 1905, it formed part of Bhagalpur Division. In 1905, it was again transferred to Rajshahi Division and till 1947 Malda remained in this division. In August, 1947, this district was affected by partition, between the 12th & 15th 0f August. 1947, the fate of the district as to which side it should go, to Pakistan or to India was undecided, because the announcement of the partition award of Sir Radcliffe did not make this point clear. During these few days the district was under a Magistrate of East Pakistan, when the details of the Radcliffe award were published, the district came over to West Bengal on the 17th of August. 1947.

COMPOSITION OF THE DISTRICT :
DISTRICT :MALDA
No. of Sub-division 2
No. of Blocks 15
No. of Municipalities 2
No. of Legislative Assembly Constituency 11
No of Gram Panchayats 146
DISTRICT :MALDA
SUB-DIVISION BLOCK NO. OF GRAM PANCHAYAT No. of Gram Sansads
MALDA SADAR GAZOLE 15 196
BAMANGOLA 6 89
HABIBPUR 11 143
OLD MALDA 6 87
ENGLISHBAZAR 11 144
MANIKCHAK 11 154
KALIACHAK-I 14 195
KALIACHAK-II 8 108
KALIACHAK-III 14 187
CHANCHAL CHANCHAL-I 8 121
CHANCHAL-II 7 108
RATUA-I 10 148
RATUA-II 8 103
HARISHCHANDRAPUR-I 7 105
HARISHCHANDRAPUR-II 9 120
DISTRICT :MALDA
SL.NO. NAME OF THE MUNICIPALITY NO. OF WARD
1 ENGLISHBAZAR 25
2 OLD MALDA 17

Geography of Malda:

The District is situated between the Latitude and Longitude figures of 24040’20”N to 25032’08”N and 88028’10”E to 87045’50”E respectively and surrounded by Bangladesh and South Dinajpur in the east, Santal Parganas of Jharkhand state in the west, Uttar Dinajpur in the north and Murshidabad in the south.

Malda, the southern most of the North Bengal district is comprised within the Jalpaiguri Division. The district consist with two subdivisions, that is Sadar and Chanchal, and Englishbazar is the headquarters station of the district as well as the Sadar subdivision

How To Reach :

Malda is easily accessible by road and by train from any part of the rest of the India. It is 347 Km away from Kolkata towards north and 256 Km from Siliguri towards south. The National Highway –34 passes through the District. NBSTC, SBSTC, CSTC buses and many privately operated buses ply between Calcutta and Malda. The buses, leaving from the Shahid Minar and the Ultadanga bus terminuses, take about eight hours to complete the journey.
By rail, Malda is on the main line between Calcutta and New Jalpaiguri, served by numerous trains such as the Janasatabdi Express , the Gour Express, the Kanchenjungha Express, the Teesta Torsa Express, the Kamrup Express, the Hate Bajare Express and the Darjeeling Mail, to name a few.

Janasatbdi Express (Howrah) Brahmaputra Mail Bangalore -Guwahati Express
Darjeeling Mail Kamprup Express (Howrah) Coachin – Guwahati Express
Uttar Banga Express Kanchan Jungha Express (Sealdah)
Uttar Banga Express ( Sealdah)
Darjeeling Mail ( Sealdah)
FLORA AND FAUNA :
The flora of Malda district is merely a small portion of that extending form Kose to the Brahmapurtra, and alteration of beels and village shrubberies with the drier jungle of the Barind region, where the ground is not occupied by the usual crops, it is covered by and abundant Natural vegetation excepting the sandy beds of rivers. Old river beds,ponds, marshy land etc. have a copious vegetation of vallisneria and other plants. The areas which are subject to frequent inundation usually cover themselves with seedy grasses and in marshy parts with Rosainvolucrata is plentiful. Some portions of “Barind” area are covered by jungles, which consist chiefly of thorny scrub bush jungles mixed with Pipal, Bat, Simul and Pakur trees and Nepal Bamboos. Species of thorny bamboos are also seen in Pandua areas near villages and embankment areas of Gour thickets or shrubberies, ordinary Neem, Jack-fruit trees, Tamarind, Bamboo, Pipul and Mango trees are seen in plenty. The soil of the western region of the district is particularly suited to the growth of mulberry and mango, for the production of both of which Malda has become famous.

Though about a century ago Malda was great place for the unusual quantity of large games” at present the district has lost its charm in this respect, Earlier, the breeding ground of the animal were the thorny jungles of the “Barind’ area and jungles covering the Gour and Pandua ruins.

But the jungles have mostly been cleared and their inhabitants exterminated by the Santals and Paharias, who have crossed the Ganges in large number to settle in “Barind” and other areas. It is high time that the people become aware of the dangers of ecological imbalance.

The rivers, beels, and ponds of Malda produce considerable quantities of various categories of fishes mention may be made Rohu, Katla, Chital, Boal , Magur, Shol, Hilisha, Pabda and varieties of Crabs , Prwans, Tortles etc. Pisciculture has been undertaken under various projects according to modern scientific methods.

Down Train

Towards Kolkata ( Howrah, Sealdah) from Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
3164 HATE BAZARE EXP *MALDA TOWN 23:00 SEALDAH 08:05 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
05228 MFP YPR EXP *MALDA TOWN 16:05 HOWRAH JN 22:55 Y N N N N N N
2066 MLDT JANSHATABD MALDA TOWN 06:00 HOWRAH JN 12:50 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
220 MLDT HWH F PAS MALDA TOWN 17:15 HOWRAH JN 04:50 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
2344 DARJEELING MAIL *MALDA TOWN 23:55 SEALDAH 06:00 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
2346 SARAIGHATEXPRES *MALDA TOWN 05:25 HOWRAH JN 11:40 N Y Y N Y Y Y
2504 NJP SDAH EXPRES *MALDA TOWN 13:45 SEALDAH 19:55 Y N Y N N Y N
2508 GHY ERS EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 HOWRAH JN 00:45 N N N N Y N N
2510 GHY-SBC-EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 HOWRAH JN 00:45 Y Y N N N N Y
2514 GHY SC EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 HOWRAH JN 00:45 N N N Y N N N
2516 GHY-TVC-EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 HOWRAH JN 00:45 N N Y N N N N
3012 MLDT HWH INT EX MALDA TOWN 03:45 HOWRAH JN 11:25 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
3142 TESTA TORSA EXP *MALDA TOWN 20:50 SEALDAH 05:00 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
3142A TEESTA TORSA EX *MALDA TOWN 20:50 SEALDAH 05:00 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Towards PURI, Bhubaneswar RANCHI , ASANSOLE from Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
5640 GHY PURI EXPRES *MALDA TOWN 08:05 PURI 03:30 N N N N Y N N
5762 APDJ RNC EXPRES *MALDA TOWN 02:15 RANCHI 14:55 Y N N N Y N N
5630 GUWAHATI MS EXP *MALDA TOWN 04:30 ASANSOL JN 10:20 N N N N N Y N
5640 GHY PURI EXPRES *MALDA TOWN 08:05 ASANSOL JN 15:05 N N N N Y N N
5642 GHY JHAJHA EXP *MALDA TOWN 08:05 ASANSOL JN 14:55 N Y N N N N N
5762 APDJ RNC EXPRES *MALDA TOWN 02:15 ASANSOL JN 08:52 Y N N N Y N N
5930 DBRT MS EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 04:30 ASANSOL JN 10:20 N Y N N N N N
05228 MFP YPR EXP *MALDA TOWN 16:05 BHUBANESWAR 07:00 Y N N N N N N
2508 GHY ERS EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 BHUBANESWAR 07:35 N N N N Y N N
2510 GHY-SBC-EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 BHUBANESWAR 07:35 Y Y N N N N Y
2514 GHY SC EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 BHUBANESWAR 07:35 N N N Y N N N
2516 GHY-TVC-EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 BHUBANESWAR 07:35 N N Y N N N N
5628 GHY-TVC-EXPRESS #MALDA TOWN 18:45 BHUBANESWAR 07:35 N N Y N N N N
5630 GUWAHATI MS EXP *MALDA TOWN 04:30 BHUBANESWAR 22:50 N N N N N Y N
5640 GHY PURI EXPRES *MALDA TOWN 08:05 BHUBANESWAR 01:13 N N N N Y N N
5930 DBRT MS EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 04:30 BHUBANESWAR 22:50 N Y N N N N N

Towards South India ( Chennai, Bangalore, Coachin, Trivamdrum) from Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
2508 GHY ERS EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 ERANAKULAM JN 19:00 N N N N Y N N
2516 GHY-TVC-EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 ERNAKULAM TOWN 18:40 N N Y N N N N
5628 GHY-TVC-EXPRESS #MALDA TOWN 18:45 ERNAKULAM TOWN 18:40 N N Y N N N N
05228 MFP YPR EXP *MALDA TOWN 16:05 BANGARAPET 09:03 Y N N N N N N
2510 GHY-SBC-EXPRESS *MALDA TOWN 18:45 BANGALORE CY JN 11:50 Y Y N N N N Y

Towards Mumbai from Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
5648 GHY DR EXPRES *MALDA TOWN 04:30 KALYAN JN 19:00 N N Y N N N N

Towards Delhi from Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
3413 FARAKKA EXPRESS MALDA TOWN 19:10 DELHI 07:50 Y N N Y N Y N
3483 FARAKKA EXPRESS MALDA TOWN 19:10 DELHI 07:50 N Y Y N Y N Y
4055 BRAHMPUTRA MAIL *MALDA TOWN 04:15 DELHI 05:45 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
UP Train

From Kolkata( Howrah, Sealdah) & Asansol to Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
2065 MLDT JANSHATABD HOWRAH JN 15:25 MALDA TOWN 22:30 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
219 HWH MLDT F PASS HOWRAH JN 21:25 MALDA TOWN 07:50 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
2343 DARJEELING MAIL SEALDAH 22:05 MALDA TOWN 04:20 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
2345 SARAIGHAT EXP HOWRAH JN 15:45 MALDA TOWN 21:45 Y N Y Y Y N Y
2503 SDAH NJP EXPRES SEALDAH 09:05 MALDA TOWN 15:05 N Y N Y N N Y
3011 HWH MLDT INT EX HOWRAH JN 15:15 MALDA TOWN 23:00 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
3141 TESTA TORSA EXP SEALDAH 13:35 MALDA TOWN 22:20 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
3147 UTTAR BANGA EXP SEALDAH 19:35 MALDA TOWN 02:35 Y N Y N N Y N
3149 KANCHANKANYA EX SEALDAH 19:35 MALDA TOWN 02:35 N Y N Y Y N Y
3153 GOUR EXPRESS SEALDAH 22:15 MALDA TOWN 06:15 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
3163 HATE BAZARE EXP SEALDAH 20:00 MALDA TOWN 04:40 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
5657 KANCHANJANGA EX SEALDAH 06:45 MALDA TOWN 13:35 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
5959 KAMRUP EXPRESS HOWRAH JN 17:35 MALDA TOWN 01:50 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
0201 YPR GUWAHATI EX *HOWRAH JN 14:15 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N N Y N N N N
2507 GUWAHATI EXP *HOWRAH JN 14:15 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N N N Y N N N
2509 GUWAHATI EXP *HOWRAH JN 11:15 MALDA TOWN 17:30 N N N N Y Y Y
5227 MUZAFFARPUR EXP *HOWRAH JN 14:15 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N N N N Y N N
5627 GUWAHATI EXP *HOWRAH JN 11:15 MALDA TOWN 17:30 N Y N N N N N
2513 SC GHY EXP *HOWRAH JN 11:15 MALDA TOWN 17:30 Y N N N N N N

From PURI, Bhubaneswar, RANCHI , ASANSOLE to Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
5639 PURI GHY EXPRES PURI 14:00 MALDA TOWN 08:25 N N N N N Y N
5639 PURI GHY EXPRES *BHUBANESWAR 15:45 MALDA TOWN 08:25 N N N N N Y N
0201 YPR GUWAHATI EX #BHUBANESWAR 06:25 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N N Y N N N N
2507 GUWAHATI EXP *BHUBANESWAR 06:25 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N N N Y N N N
2509 GUWAHATI EXP *BHUBANESWAR 02:54 MALDA TOWN 17:30 N N N N Y Y Y
5227 MUZAFFARPUR EXP *BHUBANESWAR 06:25 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N N N N Y N N
5627 GUWAHATI EXP *BHUBANESWAR 02:54 MALDA TOWN 17:30 N Y N N N N N
5629 GUWAHATI EXPRES *BHUBANESWAR 19:05 MALDA TOWN 15:05 N Y N N N N N
5929 DIBRUGARH EXP *BHUBANESWAR 19:05 MALDA TOWN 15:05 N N N N Y N N
2513 SC GHY EXP *BHUBANESWAR 02:54 MALDA TOWN 17:30 Y N N N N N N
5761 RNC APDJ EXPRES RANCHI 20:00 MALDA TOWN 08:25 Y N N N Y N N
5639 PURI GHY EXPRES *ASANSOL JN 02:05 MALDA TOWN 08:25 N N N N N N Y
5641 JHAJHA GHY EXP *ASANSOL JN 02:05 MALDA TOWN 08:25 N N Y N N N N
5761 RNC APDJ EXPRES *ASANSOL JN 02:05 MALDA TOWN 08:25 N Y N N N Y N
5629 GUWAHATI EXPRES *ASANSOL JN 08:05 MALDA TOWN 15:05 N N Y N N N N
5929 DIBRUGARH EXP *ASANSOL JN 08:05 MALDA TOWN 15:05 N N N N N Y N

From South India ( Chennai, Bangalore, Ernakulam, Trivundrum) to Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
2507 GUWAHATI EXP ERANAKULAM JN 20:30 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N Y N N N N N
5627 GUWAHATI EXP *ERNAKULAM TOWN 17:15 MALDA TOWN 17:30 N N N N N N Y
0201 YPR GUWAHATI EX #CHENNAI CENTRAL 10:00 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N Y N N N N N
2507 GUWAHATI EXP *CHENNAI CENTRAL 10:00 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N N Y N N N N
2509 GUWAHATI EXP *CHENNAI CENTRAL 06:30 MALDA TOWN 17:30 N N N Y Y Y N
5227 MUZAFFARPUR EXP *CHENNAI CENTRAL 10:00 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N N N Y N N N
5627 GUWAHATI EXP *CHENNAI CENTRAL 06:30 MALDA TOWN 17:30 Y N N N N N N
5629 GUWAHATI EXPRES CHENNAI EGMORE 22:25 MALDA TOWN 15:05 Y N N N N N N
5929 DIBRUGARH EXP CHENNAI EGMORE 22:25 MALDA TOWN 15:05 N N N Y N N N
0201 YPR GUWAHATI EX #YESVANTPUR JN 23:55 MALDA TOWN 20:00 Y N N N N N N
2509 GUWAHATI EXP BANGALORE CY JN 23:30 MALDA TOWN 17:30 N N Y Y Y N N
5227 MUZAFFARPUR EXP YESVANTPUR JN 23:55 MALDA TOWN 20:00 N N Y N N N N
5627 GUWAHATI EXP #TRIVANDRUM CNTL 12:45 MALDA TOWN 17:30 N N N N N N Y

From Mumbai to Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
5647 GUWAHATI EXPRES LOKMANYATILAK T 07:45 MALDA TOWN 00:05 N N N N Y N N

From Delhi to Malda

Train No. Train Name Origin Dep.Time Destination Arr.Time Days Of Run
M T W T F S S
3414 FARKKA EXPRESS DELHI 22:05 MALDA TOWN 07:30 Y N Y N N Y N
3484 FARAKKA EXPRESS DELHI 22:05 MALDA TOWN 07:30 N Y N Y Y N Y
4056 BRAHMPUTRA MAIL DELHI 20:55 MALDA TOWN 21:55 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
ETHNICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS :
    The population of this district is mainly rural. The villages vary considerably in size as well as in population. Starting from the year 1949, a large displaced population from erstwhile East Pakistan had settled in bordering thanas namely, Bamongola, Habibpur, Malda and kaliachak. The “Barind” areas are inhabitant mostly by a huge Santal population. In those areas which have considerable population of weavers of silkrearers of silk- reelers the village tend to become small townships of which Kaliachak, Sujapur, Peasbari, Manickchak, Ratua, Chanchal, Harischandrepur etc.may be cited as examples. In the “Barind” areas where the ground is high and agriculture is the sole occupation, the tendency for the people is to remain in small hamlets.

The language of the majority of the people is Bengali. But a certain percentage of the population in the West and North is of Behari origin, and most of them  speak Hindi or Khotta, which is a mixture of Hindi and Bengali. This class, though largely retained their own languages, are gradually acquiring Bengali. In the region of Araidanga, Milki, Noghoria, Atgama, Amrity and Mirjadpur there are settlement of domicile Maithili Brahmins who speaks Maithili.

Among the scheduled castes population ,there are 59 sub-communities of which Rajbanshi, Namasudre, Polia, Tiyer, Keet and Poundra are the main sub-castes. Among the tribal population there are 38 sub-communities of which Santala, Oraon, Mores, Mundas and Malpaharias are main sub-communities. About 88% of the tribal population are concentrated in the “Barind” areas comprised in four blocks namely, Gazole, Bamongola, Habibpur and Old Malda. Since the tribal population of this district is quite high, it goes without saying that the development of the district depends on the development of the tribals. The scheduled tribes and scheduled castes people of this district are very much backward economically as well as educationally.

Educational Institute at Malda :
Sl. No. School /College Total Number
1 Primary School 1888
2 High School 137
3 Higher Secondary School 119
4 Degree College 8
5 Teacher’s Training College 2
6 Polytechnic College 1
7 ITI College 1
8 IGNOU Study Centre 1
9 University (University of Gour Banga) 1
10 Technical University Centrally Funded by Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India (Ghani Khan Chowdhury Institute of Engineering and Technology) 1
11 AICTE approved and WBUT affiliated Engineering College (IMPS College of Engineering and Technology) 1
Number of Seats in different Subject in various Colleges at Malda and its Surroundings:
Malda College Gour College Chanchal College Samsi College
Botany 10
Chemistry 20
Education 75
Geography 10 20
Mathematics 75 75
Philosophy 75 35
Sanskrit 75
Sociology 35 75

The climate of the district is rather Extreme-very hot and sultry during summer season, with plentiful rains and moisture in the air throughout the year. Basically, there are four seasons in the year. The cold season start about the middle of November and continues till the end of February. The period from March to May is the summer season. The rainy season starts in June with the coming of south – west monsoons and continues till the middle of September. October and the first half of November constitutes the post monsoons season. The normal rainfall is 1453.1 mm. The maximum precipitation occurs during the period from June to September.

TOPOGRAPHY
The district consists mainly of low – lying plains, sloping towards the south with undulating areas on the northeast. The river Mahananda divides the district into two regions-the eastern region., consisting mainly of old alluvial and relatively unfertile soil, is commonly known as “Barind”. The western region is further subdivided by the river Kalindri into two areas, the northern area is known as “Tal ” – it is low laying and vulnerable to inundation during rainy season, the southern area consists of very fertile land and is thickly populated, being commonly known as ” Diara “. The river Ganges flow along the south-western boundary of district. Other important rivers are Kalindri, Tangoan , Punarbhaba, Pagla and Bhagirathi.

ROUTE

 MALDA TO KOLKATA

 FAIR ( in Rs.)

Malda – Kolkata – 1

05.00 a.m.

108.00

Malda – Kolkata – 2

06.00 am

108.00

Malda –  Bangaon

06.45 am

98.00

Buniadpur – Kolkata

07.00 am

108.00

Raiganj – Kolkata

07.15 am

108.00

Balurghat – Kolkata

07.30 am

108.00

Chanchal – Kolkata

08.15 am

108.00

Kaliaganj – Kolkata

08.45 am

108.00

Malda – Chuchura

09.00 am

102.00

Kolkata – Balurghat

09.15 am

108.00

Raiganj – Kolkata – 2

09.30 am

108.00

Accomodation :
             The central bus terminus of Malda town and the Malda railway station are about two kilometres apart, connected by the National Highway 34. The majority of the hotels and lodges have come up clustered around the highway and the adjacent to Rabindra Avenue.

There is the WBTDC’s Malda Tourist Lodge at Rathbari, English Bazaar, which doubles as the local tourist office. The Youth Hostel provided by the West Bengal Government’s Youth Services offers popular accommodation, especially for the student community.

THE ECONOMY :
The economy of the district is basically an agrarian one and ranks as one of the most underdeveloped district in West Bengal. The backwardness is characterised by low per capita income, low yield per acre of land, backwardness in industrialisation, shortage of capital and entrepreneurship, and also the lack of infrastructure and large labour surplus.

The district has no known mineral resources and agriculture remains the main stay. The main agricultural products are paddy, Wheat, jute and Rabi-crops.

Despite this backwardness, Malda occupies and important place in the map of the State for the production of raw-silk yarn. The annual estimated production of raw-silk yarn in this district is about 85 % of the total output of the State which, if taken in terms of money amounts to approximately rupees 4 crores. Production of mango is another important aspect of Malda’s economy. About forty five thousand acres of land are covered by mango orchards which, in normal years., bear fruit to the extent of 3,60,000 tonnes the value of which in money terms comes to about Rs. 5.5 crores.

It will not be out of place to put in a few words about the mango production of Malda district, which has earned fame for this district. Mango is abundantly grown Over the whole district with the exception of “Barind’ area. Englishbazar is by far the highest and the best mango-growing thana. It is followed by other thanas namely. Ratua, Manickchak, Kaliachak, Chanchal, Malda and Harischandrapur in that order . There are mainly two varieties of mangoes (i) the ‘gooti’ or the ordinary varieties of mango grown from ‘seed’ and (ii) ‘Kalam’ which is grown from grafting .The latter is of superior-quality and fetches higher price. The finest variety is the Gopalbhog, though there are other varieties namely , Brindaboni, Langra, Kshirshapati, kishanbhog and Fazli.

The mango trade is one of the most important feature of the economy of this district and one which leaves important impact on the economy of this district. The price of mango varies according to its class and the effect of weather on the crop, for hail and heavy rains are most injurious to the formation of a goods fruit. In recent years, there have been several failure of crops and there seems to be a cycle of good and bad years. A bumper crop usually comes once in four years and is followed by a bad year in which the production may come down to 25% 30% of the average production. Then comes a moderate crop with production ranging between 45-50% followed by a second bad year. The only consolation for such a bad year is that the price rises in proportion to the extent of failure of crop. Such fluctuation in the total product and price make it very difficult to reach an accurate estimate of the annual value of the mango trade.

Place to Visit :
There are number of places to visit at Malda which has some historical importance. The main among them are GOUR, ADINA, PANDUA, and recently explored JAGJIBANPUR.

Name of the Places to Visit 1 A small village on the way to Gour, Ramkeli is famous for being the temporary home of Sri Chaitanya, the great religious reformer of Bengal, where he had stayed for a few days on his way to Brindaban. A conglomeration of two tamal and two kadamba trees can still be seen, under which the saint is said to have meditated. A small temple constructed under this tree contains Sri Chaitanya’s footprints on stone. There are eight kundas or tanks flanking the temple. These are named as Rupsagar, Shyamkunda, Radhakunda, Lalitakunda, Bishakhakunda, Surabhikunda, Ranjakunda and Indulekhakunda. Every year, on the Jaishthya Sankranti, celebrations are held here to commemorate the arrival of Sri Chaitanya. A week-long fair also starts on this day.

Gour

(Situated at a distance of 16 km. south of Malda town on the border with Bangladesh. Gour came into prominence as the 7th century capital of King Shashanka, and was the capital of ancient Bengal for several centuries.)

Baroduari mosque is half a kilometre to the south of Ramkeli. A gigantic rectangular structure of brick and stone, this mosque is the largest monument in Gour. Though the name means Twelve Doors, this monument actually has eleven. The construction of this huge mosque, measuring 50.4 m. by 22.8 m., and 12 m. in height, was started by Allauddin Hussein Shah and was completed in 1526 by his son Nasiruddin Nusrat Shah. The Indo-Arabic style of architecture and the ornamental stone carvings make Baroduari a special attraction for tourists.
Dakhil Darwaza, an impressive gateway built in 1425, is an important Muslim monument. Made of small red bricks and terracotta work, this dominating structure is more than 21 m. high and 34.5 m. wide. Its four corners are topped with five-storey high towers. Once the main gateway to a fort, it opens through the embankments surrounding it. In the south-east corner of the fort, a 20-m. high wall encloses the ruins of an old palace. In the past, cannons used to be fired from here. Hence the gate also came to be known as the Salaami Darwaza
A kilometre away from the Dakhil Darwaza, is the Feroze Minar. It was built by Sultan Saifuddin Feroze Shah during 1485-89. This five-storey tower, resembling the Qutb Minar, is 26 m. high and 19 m. in circumference. The first three storeys of the tower have twelve adjacent faces each, and the uppermost two storeys are circular in shape. A spiralling flight of 84 steps takes one to the top of the tower. Built in the Tughlaqi style of architecture, the walls of Feroze Minar are covered with intricate terracotta carvings. This landmark is also known as the Pir-Asha-Minar or the Chiragdani.
Sultan Yusuf Shah built the Chika Mosque in 1475. The name originated from the fact that it used to shelter a large number of chikas, or bats. It is a single-domed edifice, almost in ruins now. The beautifully ornate carvings on the walls and the images of Hindu idols on the stonework of doors and lintels are still partly visible. The mosque also bears traces of Hindu temple architecture
The Lakhchhipi Darwaza or Lukochuri Gate is located to the south-east of the Kadam Rasool Mosque. Shah Shuja is said to have built it in 1655 in the Mughal architectural style. The name originated from the royal game of hide-and-seek that the Sultan used to play with his begums. According to another school of historians, it was built by Allauddin Hussein Shah in 1522. Situated on the eastern side of the royal palace, this double-storeyed Darwaza functionally acted as the main gateway to the palace. The innovative architectural style makes it an interesting place to visit.
Half a kilometre away from the Feroze Minar is the Kadam Rasool Mosque. Aptly named Kadam Rasool, which means Footprints of the Prophet, the mosque contains the footprints of Hazrat Muhammad on stone. On the four corners there are four towers made of black marble, with the spires on top covered with intricate artwork. Sultan Nasiruddin Nusrat Shah built the mosque in 1530.

Opposite the Kadam Rasool Mosque stands the 17th century tomb of Fateh Khan, a commander of Aurangzeb’s army. This interesting structure was built in the Hindu chala style.

A short distance away is the elegant Tantipara Mosque, with its intricate terracotta decoration.

Lattan Mosque, legend attributes the building of this mosque to a dancing girl of the royal court. However, historians believe it was built by Sultan Shamsuddin Yusuf Shah in 1475. Traces of intricate mina work in blue, green, yellow, violet and white on the enamelled bricks lining the outer and inner walls are still visible. The splendour of colours has also led to the Mosque being called the Painted Mosque. Another interesting feature of this mosque is its arched roof, supported by octagonal pillars.
Standing to the north-east of the Chika Mosque, the Gumti Darwaza was built in 1512 by Allauddin Hussein Shah. Made of brick and terracotta, the once brilliant colours woven into the artwork are still partly visible. It is said that real gold was used in the decorations. The Darwaza, however, is closed to the public now.
Adina

(Situated at 15 km north of Malda town)

Adina Masjid, built in 1369 by Sultan Sikander Shah. One of the largest mosques in India, it also typifies the most developed mosque architecture of the period, the orthodox design being based on the great 8th century mosque of Damascus. Carved basalt masonry from earlier Hindu temples is used to support the 88 brick arches and 378 identical small domes.
Pandua

( Situted at 18 Km north of Malda town)

Qutb Shahi Mosque, locally known as the Chhoto Sona Masjid, built to honour saint Nur Qutb-ul-Alam. The ruins of his shrine are nearby, along with that of Saint Hazrat Shah Jalal Tabrizi, collectively known as the Bari Darga.
The Eklakhi Mausoleum is the most elegant monument in Pandua. One of the first square brick tombs in Bengal, with a carved Ganesh on the doorway, it is the tomb of the convert son of a Hindu Raja.
Jagjibanpur

( Situated at about 30 km from Malda town towards south east on Habibpur Block)

                                        Malda District Tourist Spot

Dakhil

Malda Heritage – Dakhil Darwaza
Dakhil Darwaza, an impressive gateway built in 1425, is an important Muslim monument. Made of small red bricks and terracotta work, this dominating structure is more than 21 m. high and 34.5 m. wide. Its four corners are topped with five-storey high towers. Once the main gateway to a fort, it opens through the embankments surrounding it. In the south-east corner of the fort, a 20-m. high wall encloses the ruins of an old palace. In the past, cannons used to be fired from here. Hence the gate also came to be known as the Salaami Darwaza.

Darwaza – Gaur

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heritage
The State of West Bengal has a lot to offer to the tourists. Whether they are the chaste ripples in the waves of the Holy Ganga that bring in an effect of serenity or the high-rise monuments that one would see on the Dalhousie Street or the sculpture’s delight – the Victoria Memorial, Hazarduari, Shaheed Minar, or the Terracotta temples, they all speak highly of the rich and cultural heritage of the State of West Bengal.
Malda
Dakhil Darwaza – Gaur Adina Mosque – Pandua
Bada Sona Mosque – Gaur Lattan Mosque – Gaur

 

 

 

 

Malda Heritage – Adina Mosque
Adina Masjid, built in 1369 by Sultan Sikander Shah. One of the largest mosques in India, it also typifies the most developed mosque architecture of the period, the orthodox design being based on the great 8th century mosque of Damascus. Carved basalt masonry from earlier Hindu temples is used to support the 88 brick arches and 378 identical small domes.

 

 

 

 

 

Dakhil Darwaza – Gaur

Adina Mosque – Pandua

 

 

 

Bada Sona Mosque – Gaur Lattan Mosque – Gaur

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan your visit
Kolkata
Jalpaiguri
Darjeeling
Cooch Behar
Medinipur
North 24 Parganas
Bardhaman
Birbhum
Howrah
Murshidabad
Bankura
North Dinajpur
South 24 Parganas
Hooghly
Malda
Nadia
Purulia
South Dinajpur
Malda
Malda with its rich historical heritage, is one of the most famous tourist destinations of West Bengal. Nestled at the confluence of the Mahananda and Kalindi rivers, Malda town, with all its grace, adds to the beauty of Bengal.

Malda town was previously known as English Bazaar. It got that name from the English factory that was established here in 1771. From Malda, you can visit Gour and Pandua. Gour was the capital of three dynasties of ancient Bengal – The Buddhist Palas, the Hindu Senas and Muslim Nawabs. Pandua once the alternate seat of power to Gour, has the third largest concentration of Muslim monuments in Bengal. Historical Monuments include mosque Jami Masjid (1566) and landmark Nimasari tower across the river. The Malda Museum has a great collection of region’s architecture and anthropological specimens.

During the 18th century Malda was the seat of prosperous cotton and silk industries. The area grows rice, jute, legumes and oilseeds. Malda is also famous for its mangoes and mulberries.

Attractions & Activities
Gour: 12 km down in south Malda, right on the Indo-Bangladesh border is one of most important historical places of 14th and 15th century Bengal. It has immense value from archaeological point of view. The relics that are particularly worth seeing are theBara Sona MosqueDakhil Darwaza (built in 1425), Qadam Rasul MasqueLattan Masque and the ruins of the extensive fortification. There are colourful enamelled on Gomti Gate and Firoz Minar.

Pandua: 18km north of Malda is another important site of archaeological importance that has some impressive Muslim architecture, including vast Adina Mosque built by Sikandar Shah in 1369. It is one of its largest mosques in India, was built over Hindu temple, and has 378 small domes. The Eklakhi mausoleum and several small mosque are the other places of attraction of Padua.

To know more about Malda Heritage, click here.

Art & Culture

Malda has unique cultural extravaganza like Gombhira, Alkap,kabigan etc.

Gambhira is a type of song (originating in Chapai Nawabganj, in the Northern region of Bangladesh). It is performed with a particularly distinctive rhythm and dance with two performers, always personifying a man and his maternal grandfather, discussing a topic to raise social awareness. This kind of song is also quite popular in Malda of West Bengal, India.

Festivals
·         Ramkeli Fair Gour

·         Kartik Puja Fair

·         Charu Babu Mela

·         Charak Fair

·         Piran-e-Pir fair

To know more about Malda Festivals click here

How to Reach
Malda is well-connected by both rail and road. It is the Divisional Headquarter of Eastern Railways Malda Division. Almost All trains bound for North Bengal and North Eastern States of India from Kolkata pass through Malda Town station. The town is located on National Highway 34, the North-South arterial road of West Bengal, at a distance about some 347 km north of Kolkata and 256 km south of siliiguri.
Accomodation
Apart from tourist lodge of West Bengal Tourism Development Corporation Ltd., there are some private hotels in Malda including that of Star category.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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